While Bali has wide international and domestic recognition as Indonesia‚Äôs holiday island, it is only one of the more than 16,000 islands (or Gili‚Äôs in Bhasa Indonesian) that comprise the Indonesian archipelago.
For visitors wishing to experience a little more of what Indonesia has to offer, Bali‚Äôs sister island of Lombok is conveniently located a mere 35 kilometres or 20 minute flight to the holiday islands East.
With its own international airport, as well as daily ferry and high speed catamaran services from Bali‚Äôs Padangbai or Benoa harbours, Lombok is attracting an increasing number of tourists annually.
While many find Lombok a pleasingly sedate change to the commercialism of Bali, the smaller Gili‚Äôs located off Lombok‚Äôs coast are also garnering an increasing number of foreign and local tourists.
One of the most popular of these is Gili Trawangan, one of three Gili‚Äôs located off the north western tip of Lombok.
Measuring just three kilometres long and two kilometres wide, Gili Trawangan remained unpopulated until 1891 when 350 Sasak‚Äôs were exiled there after a failed rebellion against the Raj of Lombok.
These first inhabitants were followed by ten or 12 Bugis families from Sulawesi in the early 1970‚Äôs who set up camp and established fishing and farming activities on the island. With a small community already established, the Government in Lombok again focused on Trawangan, providing plots of land to prisoners who had completed their sentences but with no homes or families to return to on which to grow coconuts.
Even after the first tourists, primarily backpackers, started arriving in the mid-1980‚Äôs the island generated the majority of its income from harvesting coconuts, as well as producing charcoal from coconut husks.
These days the inhabitants of Lombok half-jokingly claim those on Gili Trawangan generate the majority of their income from harvesting white-coconuts; i.e. the foreign tourists who travel there from all over the world on the word of mouth recommendations of those who have preceded them.
Whereas once the island‚Äôs visitors primarily comprised backpackers on worldly expeditions, today the island attracts a broad cross-section of visitors lured by the islands sandy beaches, excellent snorkeling and diving and deep cyan blue waters.
While early visitors to the tiny island might remember crudely constructed bamboo huts and open roofed, squat pan fitted bathrooms, accommodation on Gili Trawangan today ranges from that described above at between Rp 10,000 to Rp 30,000 per night, to air conditioned bungalows with hot water in comfortable resort style settings at up to Rp 750,000 per night and everything in between depending on seasonal price fluctuations..
Seven dive schools cater to the diving needs of tourists, offering the complete range of PADI accreditation courses, as well as fun dives for those already certified.
While divers are able to regularly swim with Black Tip and White Tip Reef sharks, giant Manta‚Äôs and turtles, and even the occasional Whale Shark, those who prefer to just drift in the currents with a snorkel, fins and mask are never left disappointed by the more than 6,000 species of marine life, including turtles living just off-shore.
Though dynamite fishing and various bouts of El nino have combined to damage much of the hard coral close to shore, soft coral re-growth is very evident, while impressive hard coral formations, including spectacular blue coral, are found at numerous popular dive sights around the island.
At night the water front comes alive when the various foreign and local run restaurants and bars start to fire up, with fresh Snapper, Grouper and Tuna cooked over charcoal flames readily available.
While the island once had somewhat of a reputation amongst the back-packing community as a wicked party destination, many of the establishments that once laid claim to hosting wild dance parties are today trading on their reputations.
By tradition only one establishment per night can play music and host dance parties until 4.00 am and today this tradition continues.
Of the seven weekly venues that host parties, the one that is looked forward to most by tourists and locals alike is the Funk,, House and Hard house music parties at the Blue Marlin dive centre on the Monday nights that Dr Evil from the UK and Deejay B from the Netherlands spin disks.
If wild dance parties are not to your liking many restaurants and bar‚Äôs, including the largest Irish bar on the smallest island outside of Ireland, provide a range of more sedate and social gathering point for el fresco dining and drinking by the waters edge.
Though the island is predominately Muslim, eastern religion and western tourism requirements blend in a harmonious mix that should be the envy of many other world destinations.
An added bonus for those seeking a quieter and stress free holiday destination is the total banning under island law of any form of powered vehicles. Rather than noisy, polluting motor cars and motor bikes, transportation around the island is provided by horse drawn carts (called Cidomo‚Äôs) or by bicycle.
With spectacular sunrises as the sun emerges from behind Lombok‚Äôs Mt. Rinjani volcano and breath taking sunsets that illuminate Bali‚Äôs towering Mt Agung volcano, together with the warm hospitality of the Gili Trawangan residents, it‚Äôs not surprising that most visitors end up staying longer than they originally plan.
While the island is busiest from May through August, the quieter off-season from January to April provides a better opportunity to enjoy all that Gili Trawangan has to offer, with accommodation prices also at their lowest levels.
An added bonus of visiting in the quieter off-season is that with less tourists to attend to there is more time for the local inhabitants to extend to tourists the true hospitality of the island.
A few bottles of rum or vodka and a couple of acoustic guitars by the waters edge under the stars is one such event that visitors to the island in the quieter period are more likely to be invited to join in with than in the busier months later in the year.
Though the island has no police station or military post, crime is extremely rare. An island funded un-uniformed community policing group, SATGAS, ensures the security and safety of visitors. In the rare event of someone breaking the law or disturbing tourists perpetrators are handed over to police on Lombok as well as face banishment from the island for up to five years.
Development on the island has reached nowhere near the saturation or commercialism of other popular island destinations, such as Koh Samui or Ko Phan Ngan in Thailand and island laws in place will hopefully maintain the past restrictions.
After seeing Bali from Bali, the island of Gili Trawangan gives tourists the opportunity of also seeing Bali from Lombok. Unfortunately visitors to Bali cannot do the opposite.
Daily ferry service from Padangbai in Bali to Lembar in Lombok and shuttle service to Bangsal harbour though a tourist agent such as Perama. Note: A number of tourists have complained of harassment at Padangbai by overzealous porters and hawkers.
Daily high-speed catamaran service from Benoa harbour in Bali to Lembar and/ or Gili Meno by either Mabua Express or Bounty Cruises.
By air from Bali‚Äôs Ngurah Rai International Airport to Mataram‚Äôs Silaparang Airport by Air Mark, Garuda, or Merpati several times daily (around Rp 230,000), public taxi to Bangsal harbour (Rp 40,000) and then public boat (Rp 3,000) or by private charter boat (Rp 58,000) to Gili Trawangan. Note: Avoid the hawkers and touts at Bangsal harbour and purchase your boat tickets directly from the harbour masters office on the beach front.
¬© John Le Fevre, 2004
Related: Gili Trawangan‚Ä¶ a paradise lost
Related: Lombok vet takes conservation lead
Related: Indonesia‚Äôs wedding month
Gili Trawangan ‚Ä¢ Indonesia ‚Ä¢ Lombok ‚Ä¢ Nusa Tengara Baray ‚Ä¢ Indonesia tourism ‚Ä¢ Gili tralala
He is currently deputy editor and Thailand / GMS region editor for The Establishment Post
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